Europe (i/ˈjʊərəp/ or/ˈjɜrəp/) is a landmass that contains the westernmost promontory of Eurasia. It is by and large separated from Asia by the watershed partitions of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the conduits uniting the Black and Aegean Seas.
Europe is circumscribed by the Arctic Ocean toward the north, the Atlantic Ocean toward the west, the Mediterranean Sea toward the south, and the Black Sea and joined conduits toward the southeast. Yet the outskirts of Europe—an idea going back to established relic are subjective, as the basically physiographic term “mainland” likewise joins social and political components.
Europe is the world’s second-littlest landmass by surface region, covering around 10,180,000 square kilometers (3,930,000 sq mi) or 2% of the Earth’s surface and around 6.8% of its property range. Of Europe’s roughly 50 nations, Russia is by a long shot the biggest by both range and populace, taking up 40% of the mainland (in spite of the fact that the nation has region in both Europe and Asia), while Vatican City is the littlest. Europe is the third-most crowded landmass after Asia and Africa, with a populace of 739-743 million or around 11% of the world’s population. The most regularly utilized cash is the euro.
Europe, specifically antiquated Greece, is the origin of Western culture. It assumed a dominating part in worldwide undertakings from the 15th century onwards, particularly after the start of pioneerism. Between the 16th and 20th hundreds of years, European countries controlled at different times the Americas, the vast majority of Africa, Oceania, and the mind larger part of Asia. The Industrial Revolution, which started in Great Britain around the end of the 18th century, offered ascent to radical monetary, social, and social change in Western Europe, and in the long run the more extensive world. Demographic development implied that, by 1900, Europe’s offer of the world’s populace was 25%.
Both world wars were to a great extent centered upon Europe, enormously adding to a decrease in Western European strength in world undertakings by the mid-20th century as the United States and Soviet Union took prominence. During the Cold War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the west and the Warsaw Pact in the east. European combination prompted the arrangement of the Council of Europe and the European Union in Western Europe, both of which have been growing eastbound since the insurgencies of 1989 and the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. The European Union these days has developing impact over its part nations. Numerous European nations are individuals from the Schengen Area, which cancels outskirt and migration controls among its ind