Africa is the world’s second-biggest and second-most-crowded landmass. At around 30.2 million km2 (11.7 million sq mi) including neighboring islands, it covers six percent of the Earth’s aggregate surface region and 20.4 percent of the aggregate area area. With 1.1 billion individuals starting 2013, it represents around 15% of the world’s human population. The landmass is encompassed by the Mediterranean Sea toward the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula toward the upper east, the Indian Ocean toward the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean toward the west. The landmass incorporates Madagascar and different archipelagos. It has 54 completely perceived sovereign states (“nations”), nineterritories and two true autonomous states with constrained or no recognition.
Africa’s populace is the most youthful among all the landmasses; 50% of Africans are 19 years of age or younger.
Algeria is Africa’s biggest nation by range, and Nigeria is the biggest by populace. Africa, especially focal Eastern Africa, is generally acknowledged as the spot of source of people and the Hominidae clade (incredible gorillas), as prove by the revelation of the soonest primates and their predecessors, and also later ones that have been dated to around seven million years back, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster – with the soonest Homo sapiens (present day human) found in Ethiopia being dated to around 200,000 years ago. Africa straddles the equator and includes various atmosphere regions; it is the main mainland to extend from the northern mild to southern calm zones.[